By Ivan Kramosil (auth.)
Inspired by means of the everlasting attractiveness and fact of the legislation governing the run of stars on heavens over his head, and spurred by way of the assumption to trap, maybe for the smallest fraction of the shortest quick, the Eternity itself, guy created such masterpieces of human mind just like the Platon's global of rules manifesting everlasting truths, just like the Euclidean geometry, or just like the Newtonian celestial me chanics. besides the fact that, turning his glance to the sub-lunar global of our daily efforts, problems, sorrows and, every now and then yet very, very seldom, additionally our successes, he observed not anything else than a global filled with uncertainty and tem porariness. One treatment or particularly comfort used to be that of the deep and sage resignation provided through Socrates: i do know, that i do know not anything. yet, satisfied or unsatisfied adequate, the temptation to determine and to the touch at the least a really small por tion of everlasting fact additionally less than those conditions and in the back of phenomena charged through uncertainty used to be too robust. chance concept in its such a lot sim ple common atmosphere entered the scene. It occurred within the similar, seventeenth and 18th centuries, while celestial mechanics with its classical Platonist paradigma completed its maximum triumphs. The origins of chance conception have been encouraged by means of video games of probability like roulettes, lotteries, dices, urn schemata, and so forth. and chance values have been easily outlined by means of the ratio of winning or successful effects relative to the whole variety of attainable outcomes.